What is White Nose Syndrome in Bats?

Bats are known hosts to more than 60 Zoonotic viruses, all of which can be transmitted to people, pets, and other animals. Additionally, bats are carriers of several infectious viruses, bacteria, and parasites that can also be contagious. However, there are some illnesses that bats can contract, but cannot pass onto us. And White Nose Syndrome (WNS) is one of the most common examples of such illnesses.

Continue reading to learn more about White Nose Syndrome in bats, as well as, how you can protect your home or building from nuisance bat interference.

Indianapolis Bat Removal and Control 317-535-4605
A wildlife biologist checking the wings of a Big Brown Bat for signs of White-nose Syndrome.

White Nose Syndrome (WNS)

Hibernating bats are vulnerable to a debilitating disease called White Nose Syndrome (WNS). It gets its name from the distinctive symptoms it renders in bats, namely a white fungal growth on their noses, muzzles, and other areas of the body. In North America, this disease is spreading quickly among Microchiroptera populations, and has caused millions of bat fatalities. Eastern parts of the country have been most affected, but reports of WNS detection have come as far West as Oklahoma, and as far North as Canada. Continue reading to learn more facts about White Nose Syndrome in bats.

Top Facts About WNS:

⇛ Bats infected with WNS will show strange signs and exhibit odd behaviors. This includes daytime activity and clustering near the entry points of their roost.

⇛ According to White-Nose Syndrome.org, WNS has caused more than 5.5 million bat deaths to-date in the Northeast parts of the United States and Southern parts of Canada.

⇛ State and federal biologists are working with several laboratories to continue studying and investigating the correlation between fungi and bat deaths.

⇛ White Nose Syndrome affects bats that hibernate. More than 45% of bats in our country are hibernating species, four of which are endangered and already suspected of being infected.

⇛ Known species affected by WNS include the Big Brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus), Little Brown bat (Myotis lucifugus), Eastern small-footed bat (Myotis leibii), Endangered Gray bat (Myotis grisescens), Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis), Northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis), and    Tricolored bat (Perimyotis subflavus).

⇛ Species that are suspected, but not yet confirmed, to be infected with WNS include the endangered Virginia Big-Eared bat (Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus) and the endangered Ozark big-eared bat (Corynorhiunus townsendii ingens).

⇛ WNS is still spreading across North America. Today, more than 19 states (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, and Indiana) and 4 Canadian provinces have been confirmed sites of WNS outbreaks. 

⇛ Geomyces destructans is a newly-discovered fungus that is suspected to cause White Nose Syndrome in bats.

⇛ Species that are suspected, but not yet confirmed, to be infected with Geomyces destructans include the Cave bat (Myotis velifer) and the Southeastern bat (Myotis austroriparius).

Indianapolis Bat Removal and Control

Sometimes bats can get too close, and give us trouble. If you have nuisance bats, call 317-535-4605 to speak with a friendly and knowledgeable wildlife abatement specialist about bat removal and control services in Indianapolis, Indiana. Don’t let bats damage your property and cost you thousands of dollars in renovations! Let our DNR licensed and insured bat removal specialists provide the workable solutions you need.

Indiana Bat Removal 317-535-4605
Indiana Bat Removal 317-535-4605

Why are Bats Dangerous?

Bats are one of nature’s most fascinating mammals.  Not only do bats consume thousands of insects each night, their guano is an effective fertilizer used in multiple industries around the world.  With all of these positive characteristics in tow; what exactly makes a wild bat so dangerous to humans and pets? 

Continue reading to better understand why wild bats are dangerous and should be avoided at all costs by humans and domesticated animals.

Indianapolis Bat Removal and Control 317-535-4605
Angry pair of bats disturbed during hibernation.

Wild Bats Transmit Disease

There are various infectious diseases that bats can contract or carry.  These diseases are all hazardous to human and pet immune systems.  Bats are known to be carriers of the Rabies virus, Histoplasmosis, Leptospirosis, and even Salmonella.  All of these infections can be transferred, transmitted, and passed along to humans and pets; and they are all potentially fatal if left untreated.  

➥ Rabies

Rabies is a very well-known disease to the public.  This infection is often associated with rabid dogs, raccoons, and rats; however, the truth is, bats are common carriers of the Rabies virus as well.  A simple bat bite is all it takes to transfer saliva and bacteria into a person’s blood stream.  Some bats are so tiny, a person or pet cannot even tell they were bitten.  Once signs of illness begin to show, it is imperative to seek medical attention immediately if a person has been bitten or had contact with a wild bat.

Rabies affects the brain and nervous system, eventually causing death if untreated.  Humans are required to get a series of painful shots to eliminate the threat of spreading the virus.  Pets, on the other hand, are difficult to save once they become infected.  The virus is often times unpredictable because its incubation stages can differ drastically.  It can incubate in humans weeks and months before showing signs of contagion.

➥ Histoplasmosis

Histoplasmosis is a disease that affects the upper respiratory system.  It is caused by the fungus Histoplasma Capsulatum, which occurs naturally in warm, moist climates.  It is widely spread by bat guano and other animal droppings.  To become infected, the spores simply have to be inhaled.  Common victims of this illness are homeowners with bat infestation problems, or miners and people that work underground or in cavernous environments.  Treatment is available and death is entirely avoidable; however, if left untreated, it can be quite devastating to whoever becomes infected.

➥ Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is another common and potentially fatal infection carried and passed on by wild bats.  IT is a bacterial disease that is spread through bodily fluids, usually urine.  It is contracted the same way as Histoplasmosis, and usually by people in similar vocations; such as miners, meat workers, farmers, and veterinarians.  It is also fatal if left untreated, but it is easily treatable if caught in the early stages.

Indianapolis Bat Removal You Can Trust

Indiana Bat Removal 317-535-4605
Indiana Bat Removal 317-535-4605

Call 317-535-4605 to get rid of bats safely and humanely Indianapolis, Indiana. We are happy to answer your questions and provide free estimate for bat removal and control services. Don’t let bats damage your property and cost you thousands of dollars in renovations! Let our DNR licensed and insured bat removal specialists provide the workable solutions you need.